BambooFrom bamboo plant. Soft & durable.
CottonFrom the cotton plant. Every weight, every woven and every knit. Often blended.
LinenFrom the flax plant. Strong, smooth, absorbent and crisp. Often blended.
SilkFrom silkworm cacoon. Strong but delicate looking.
WoolFrom sheep. Warm and resilient when dry.
AcetateSynthetic woven. Lustrous, weak, "one-time wear". Often used for lining.
NylonStrongest synthetic fiber. Non-absorbent, often used in blends to strengthen.
PolyesterFrom petroleum products. Most common synthetic fiber. Holds oily stains and non-absorbent. Often blended.
RayonFrom cellulose, inexpensive, soft, and comfortable.
Spandex/LycraVery stretchy knit with great ability to return to original length.
BroadclothCotton or cotton synthetic blend, lightweight.
BrocadeJacquard weave with oil over woven pattern.
ChallisLight, plain weave fabric of wool, rayon, cotton, or blends.
ChambrayPlain weave cotton with dyed warp and white weft.
ChenilleSoft yarn with pile on all sides.
CorduroyCotton weft-pile fabric woven and then cut to make vertical ribs.
CrepeVery twisted yams woven to produce a dull crinkled surface.
DamaskFirm fabric of jacquard weave similar to brocade.
Denimstrong, twill weave fabric made with colored warp and white weft.
DouppioniLustrous slubbed silk.
Duck/CanvasHeavy, tightly woven fabric in plain or ribbed weaves.
FailleFine, closely woven fabric with cross-wise rib.
FlannelPlain weave fabric of soft cotton brushed on the face of the fabric.
FlannelettePlain weave fabric of soft cotton brushed on the face of the fabric.
GabardineStrong, hand finished, medium to heavyweight fabric in a twill weave.
GinghamPlain weave fabric with dyed yarns woven in checked patterns.
HoundstoothSmall combination of twill weave and dyed yams on warp and weft.
IkatWarp threads of fabric are dyed then woven which makes a shadowy effect.
JacquardAn intricate patterned weave with a raised surface.
MuslinInexpensive cotton in a plain weave and different weights.
OxfordCotton or cotton blend basket weave shirting fabric.
PiqueCotton or cotton blend fabric woven with small, raised geometric patterns.
SateenSatin weave in cotton or cotton blends.
SatinLuxurious, heavy, expensive fabric in satin weave.
SeersuckerLightweight fabric with puckered look.
TaffetaCrisp, plain weave silk fabric with a shiny surface and lots of rustle.
Terry ClothCotton fabric with loop pile on one or both sides. Very absorbent.
TickingVery strong woven fabric, usually colored stripes on white.
TulleA fine net of silk or nylon.
TweedWoven fabric with a hairy surface and slubs of yam. Hard wearing and warm.
VelvetHas a short cut pile on the warp thread with a soft texture and lustrous, rich appearance.
VelveteenCotton fabric with short cut pile on the weft thread.
Double KnitKnitted fabric made with two needles making both sides dentical. Has excellent body and good recovery.
FleeceSoft, warm, napped knit. There is regular fleece and sweatshirt fleece. One-way stretch.
InterlockFine stable welt knit.
JerseyPlain weft-knitted fabric.
Sweater KnitKnit fabric resembling hand-knitting.
TricotFine, warp knit fabric with fine vertical ribs and zigzag effect on back. One-way stretch.
VelourKnit fabric with a thick short pile. Has lustrous look of velvet or velveteen.
BatisteCotton or synthetic woven, lightweight, often sheer.
ChiffonLightweight, soft, sheer fabric.
Dotted SwissSheer fabric with small fiber dot.
GeorgetteHeavier chiffron and is matte.
LawnSheer, lightweight plain weave fabric in plain colors and prints.
OrgandyA fine, semi-sheer, loose weave of cotton or cotton blend with a crisp finish.
OrganzaSheer, crisp silk organdy with a sheen.
Fabric-like material made from long fibers, bonded together by chemical, mechanical, heat or solvent treatment. Some examples are: